Process Analysis Introduction

hi students this is Leah Hepburn and this is a mini audio lecture on process analysis essays so in your textbook in your patterns textbook this essay is simply called a process essay I like to call this a process analysis essay because it’s more accurate I think it reflects what the actual essay is asking you to do so if you think about the words process in the words analysis and what they mean we can come to an understanding of what a process analysis essay actually means so what is a process well the process is how something occurs or the steps in a procedure and analysis what is an analysis well to analyze something really means to break it down so we’re examining each of the parts of a whole so we have something a topic a subject we have a whole topic and we look at each part and we analyze each part we examine the parts of the whole so then putting those two definitions together a process analysis essay examines the steps and a procedure so really what this type of essay is asking you to do is to examine or investigate to explore the different steps in a process of your choice and you can choose any process that you want the essay prompt which is located in the modules on the canvas website will explain exactly what this essay is asking you to do but the basic part the part that is most important is that this essay asks you to examine the steps in a process alright so if you’ve never written a how-to essay you probably assume that this pattern is only useful for things like recipes or scientific experiments even if you have written a process essay or how-to essay you probably won’t have experimented much beyond something like how to play Monopoly or how to play baseball or something simple like that so this is actually a chance to be introduced to the possible uses and very of process writing process writing is used frequently in all disciplines really and very likely in whatever career you choose to go into you’ll actually be asked to do some process writing now you might not sit down and think oh this is a process analysis XA but really anytime you write about steps anytime you examine parts of something you’re actually writing some variety of process analysis si so if you take a look at your textbook we’re reading from chapter 9 and on the very first page of chapter 9 there’s a paragraph right by hayakawa and this paragraph allows you to actually review the difference between instructions and process explanations and the differences in person intense that these forms require you can easily see how Hayakawa would have altered the paragraph if he were giving instructions rather than explanations so taking a look at this paragraph and again I’m on page well on the first page of chapter 9 on depending on what version of the textbook you have the page number will change but there’s an example paragraph here and it says to define a word then the dictionary editor places before him the stack of cards illustrating that word each of the cards represents an actual use of the word by a writer of some literary or historical importance he reads the cards carefully discards some rereads the rest and divides up the stack according to what he thinks are the several senses of the word finally he writes his definitions following the hard and fast rule that each definition must be based on what the quotation is a front of him reveal about the meaning of the word the editor cannot be influenced by what he thinks a given were it ought to mean he must work according to the cards or not at all so this is a process explanation alright and a process explanation is different from a set of instructions down in your own process analysis essay as you have the choice to write a set of instructions or a process explanation so the paragraph read that’s in the first page of your chapter chapter nine is a process explanation and this type of essay is not for the purpose of teaching the reader how to do something but rather to help them understand how it is carried out to help them come to a better understanding of it in process explanations you can use first person or third person in the example paragraph they use third person you have two choices for tense verb tense you can use present or past tense if you use present tense this indicates that the process is ongoing so it’s habitual meaning it happens on a weekly basis or a monthly basis or a yearly basis it’s ongoing and it probably will happen again in the future if you use past tense this means that you’re talking about a specific time that this process was done so even if the process is something that’s ongoing if you’re talking about one particular time that happened then you would use past tense on the other hand we have a set of instructions so the other option for your essay is to write a set of instructions and the purpose of instructions to enable readers to perform a process so in other words to actually do something you’re giving them the tools they need to actually perform or do a process writing a set of instructions you have you don’t have as many choices for person and tense instructions are usually written in second person in other words the subject of the your sentences will be you and you’ll use the imperative mood or you’ll use commands so for instance if I say to you write an essay I am commanding you to write an essay and the understood or implied subject of that sentence is actually you so it’s understood that the subject is you making my implied sentence you write an essay and in a set of instructions we will use in the imperative mood or we’ll use commands and second-person when you use the imperative mode you generally also use present tense verbs unlike process explanations which can use present or past tense depending on the situation so this is just a brief introduction to process analysis essays there’ll be further mini lectures on process analysis coming soon focusing on the first two readings for this unit which are getting coffee is hard to do and how to decorate your room in your broker thank you

9 — Writing and Editing a Research Paper

we are almost done writing our research papers you’ve made your thesis you’ve written an outline and now it’s time for you to actually go ahead and write your paper and then edit it like we’ve talked about in class when you’re writing your paper it’s really important for you to follow your outline there’s a reason why you created the outline the way that you did you had to first decide how many paragraphs you were going to have and how you’re going to separate your thesis into different parts then you wrote a sentence to represent each one of those parts those sentences are going to be the first sentences of every one of your paragraphs that’s why those are really important then you also defined what kinds of facts you’re going to use different opinions you were going to try to explain those paragraphs follow your outline that is the best way for you to write your paper also you’ll need to use your sources you need to use sources in every single paragraph it can’t just be from your head um it should be your ideas but then your sources are used to backup your ideas so you’re going to be taking sentences from your sources and using them as quotes you can use facts and statistics but pretty much every single point that you’re making you need to back up with something from a source I always start writing my essays by writing the middle paragraphs first I write the introduction lat next and on the conclusion last the reason why I do that is because it’s difficult to introduce an essay that isn’t written yet and so I always start with why feels comfortable write that paragraph first then I go back into the introduction once I have an essay and then I conclude it at the end I found that that makes my papers stronger and a lot of my students say it works for them as well that’s what I’d recommend to you write those metal paragraphs first you got lined then it introduced them and then conclude as you’re writing you’re going to want to use transition sentences it’s important that your essay flows really really nicely you’re not just shouting at people with a bullhorn you’re actually trying to give a coherent argument not hit them over the head with it some words that are really good for that are words like ever likewise subsequently which means as a result of finally furthermore those kinds of words you also want to transition every sentence between paragraphs and then as you’re going from one topic to another in a paragraph let me know transition sentence there as well additionally you need to develop and support every point you’re trying to make that’s going to include explaining every one of your ideas and then giving examples explanations are in your words examples come from your sources it’s important to have both in every single paragraph now as you’re using your sources you need to cite them at the end of every sentence we call those parenthetical citations that just means they’re in parentheses so whenever you use a fact or quote in any sentence whether or not it’s direct words from one of your sources at the end of that sentence you need to put in parentheses the last name of the author and the page number that fact or quote or statistic appeared on so here’s an example of where there’s a quote that’s incorporated with a sentence part of the trouble however is that the mere presence of a technology-rich environment is not sufficient for enhanced teaching and learning or added value and then there’s the author’s name and the page number so this particular quote has been incorporated into the sentence you don’t have to do it that way but it’s one way to make your sentence is stronger now if there’s no author you’re just going to use the title of the source if it’s very very long go ahead and shorten it enough for the audience to know which source are talking about and then you need to create a bibliography entry for every source used in your paper that’s going to go at the very very end there are actually some very specific requirements for what you need to include in your bibliography and how you’re supposed to format it at the end of this video you’re going to do an exercise that’s going to help you learn what that should look like there are a lot more tips for using sources in your workbook make sure that you read them and don’t just skip over them just because you watch this video the last thing to talk about is introductions and conclusions I mentioned earlier that you should write them last a couple things you should include for the introduction you want to provide some background this is a really good place to put some really general information that you wanted to put other parts in your essay but didn’t quite fit with your thesis you can states all that information first and then you’ll end with the thesis always at the end of that first paragraph it’s going to be your last sentence of the first paragraph you want your introduction to be somewhere between seven and ten sentences and then the conclusion at the end will be shorter it’ll probably be four to five sentences you want to review your major points and then restate your thesis in different words don’t just use the same words um you want to mix them up a little bit this is a great place to use interesting facts or statistics for the skill builder you’re actually going to use some other websites here are some of the websites you’re going to use you’ll be able to link to them directly from my website where you’re watching this video so you can find them there what you’re going to do on pages 16 to 17 of your workbook is make a draft bibliography the final bibliography is going to have to be typed this is for you to practice so the first two websites there the one from Purdue and the second from Washington are going to help you make your rib lee ography then there’s a game for you to practice different citation styles I recommend that you play that game I might help you a little bit to understand how citations fit together good luck with your papers I’m looking forward to reading them

How to Write a Business Proposal? 7 Minutes Step-by-Step Guide

hi everyone my name is Anna and today I’m gonna share with you how to ride a grand business proposal first I’ll tell you about turns tabs how to get a potential clients to say yes and in the second part I’ll describe three major tips from the experienced software company that help close deals in three times faster than ever before we get started let’s clarify what a business proposal is the business proposal is a document that offers a service or product to potential client a buyer and building a business proposal is like building a house you need a roof walls and foundation and the same works for a business proposal your roof is the information about your company who you are what your qualifications are and why a potential client would pick you over your competitors your walls it demonstrated knowledge of the problem show that it listened to and done your research you know what the client needs your foundation is pricing and methodology how exactly are going to solve the client’s problem and how much is it going to cost in other words a business proposal is a value proposition on paper here are ten key elements of a business proposal with short description a double-page includes basic information like your companies and your potential clients name contact information your company’s logo date and title it makes the proposal look neat organized and well put together you wouldn’t walk up to a potential client and dive in the specifics of the project without introducing yourself would it so a Cavill adder is an introduction include a brief background information about how a company came to be a short description of what makes your company better than the rest put it friendly and encourage your reader to reach out with any questions include a table of contents in outline form it prompts the reaction air what they can expect to find in the document but those who signed it electronically it better to include a clickable table of contents so that the reader can easily revisit the sections without having to navigate through multiple pages an executive summary is the introduction to the proposal that it contains brief statements describing what will be further detailed in the current occupant to make it look relevant and engage in try to create it close to potential clients needs the executive summary will modify dependent on the duties here performing for the client any kind of industry they are in your star might also change if you’re targeting let’s say youngtravel startup run by college credit you might use more casual address package with industry jargon and humor I’m going to share in more details how to customize executive summary in the next video so subscribe to the channel not to miss it the proposal section is a general overview of the customized solutions your company has devised for the potential clients describe the anticipated outcome of the project and general time frame also impress the potential clients needs and let them know you’re the one for the job this section gets into the specifics of the proposal anticipate your clients questions and take them through the process so they know what they’re signing on describe exactly what products or services your customer will obtain and when they can expect to get them a timetable that parents deliverables with expected date make a document look more visually appealing and information easily digestible the ibadah section is where you get really sharp what makes your company best in the base make it feel like your prospect is getting to know you organization by including brief BIOS and photos of the people they’ll be working with include information about their company’s past successes awards social proofs in the form of customers testimonials and short case studies visit this action where specifics are vital create a pricing table that clearly identifies each product or service and pair it with the most accurate price and information you can provide remember you don’t want to overestimate the cost and scare off your prospects with figures that are really high but it also don’t want to underestimate the costs and set of customers for the unexpected pricing issues down the line this action is an overview of what you and the opportunities are promising we’re green to the proposal for example you can specify the duration of the agreement or payment dates and types or when and how the agreement can be amended it is likely to be standard among most of the proposals your company’s hands so start in the content library to simplify the process simply include a friendly prompt or what your buyer will take out signing on this document or something of what he put at the end of your cover letter does this structure seem a little bit more complicated than you expected actually business proposals are more complex than they look for his plan and dimdim rate means invest in some time however if something feels repetitive or necessary leave it out from your business proposal and as I promised at the beginning now I’d like to share quick tips for winning business proposals provided by experts from the leading software company pandadoc I reached out to patted the guys and asked them a question how to write a win proposal to close more deals this is all time favorite Panna Dog hack there is no doubt about that visual content attracts more attention our brains process visuals 60,000 times faster than tax help you’re in a get to the good stuff quicker by putting team member had surest in about our section infographics photos of your work bulleted lists blah quotes wouldn’t be more addicted to hire a company based on the phrase our customers lovers will help more than 8,000 companies to increase sales by thirty five percent today biggest catch the eye and how built trust in fact this tactic works so well that you’re likely to included in most of your documents new marelize get in thick envelopes in the mail by sending your proposals electronically you can include videos about your product or service easily annotate or at it and give your prospects the ability to sign electronically alright everyone hope you enjoyed this video so don’t forget to hit the like button and by the way if you have some other tips and tricks that here using to riot a grand business proposal let’s share them in the comments below yeah subscribe to the channel to keep track of business hacks see in the next video bye bye